Prevalence of Low Back Pain and its Associated Risk Factors ab 35.9 EURO
Low back pain is the most common public health problem throughout the world related to Nursing profession. The etiology of low back pain is assumed to be of multi-factorial origin as individual, work-related and psychosocial factors can contribute to its development. The study included 395 Nurses and gave a response rate of 91.9%. The mean age was 30.6 (±8.4) years. Nearly half of the participants (n=181, 45.8%, 95% CI (40.8%- 50.6%)) were complained low back pain. There were statistical significant association between low back pain and working shift, physical activities at work, sleep disturbance and felt little pleasure by doing things. The prevalence of low back pain was found among Nurses. Preventive measures should be taken to reduce the risk of low back pain by educational programs on back care ergonomics and arranging proper rest periods.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a range of physical and psychological (emotional and behavioral) symptoms which can negatively affect the daily lives of women of the reproductive age during the luteal phase of their menstrual cycle . The symptoms of PMS may vary in different women but generally include depression, stress, mood swings, crying spells, irritability, anger, confusion, sleep disorders, clumsiness, social withdrawal, fatigue, abdominal cramping, breast tenderness, headache, stomachache, back pain, food cravings, bloating, and changes in libido . Such symptoms may occur in 10%-98% of women . In addition to the assessment tool used, the ethnicity, socioeconomic status, education level, lifestyle, and menstrual cycle characteristics of the studied population, as well as the use of hormonal contraceptives by the evaluated women, may affect the incidence of PMS . The high prevalence of PMS and its negative effects on women's daily activities highlight the need for effective treatment. . In this book, we discuss the effects of vitamin B6 and B1 and calcium in premenstrual syndrome.
Back pain is a public health problem worldwide. It causes suffering and distress to patients and their families. The important cause of back pain is Spinal Canal Stenosis (SCS).Due to the various anatomical differences among population, a clear definition of SCS is lacking. This makes the comparison and interpretation of literature on incidence, prevalence and treatment difficult. The study aimed to determine the normal dimensions of the spine and spinal canal among Sudanese population, identify age, sex and racial related differences in morphometry of the spine and spinal canal dimensions among Sudanese groups, provide criteria for diagnosing spinal stenosis in the Sudanese population, and to evaluate the relation between the severity of concurrent neurological symptoms and the spinal canal stenosis as an indication of spinal decompression surgery. The study was a comparative cross-sectional descriptive study. It has used random sampling technique targeting 243participants from normal asymptomatic population and patients of spinal stenosis. A checklist and a questionnaire were used to collect data from the normal asymptomatic population and the patients respectively.
Low back pain is becoming a public health importance and is one of the most common work-related health problems among hospital workers. Obesity, stresses, activities such as twisting, bending, sustained postures, repeated movements are regarded as associated risk factors for low back pain. Adama Hospital Medical College is an institution located in Adama town, Oromia region, Ethiopia, and is one of the Ethiopian institutions with high flow of clients and heavy work burden. So, the book tells us the magnitude and associated risk factors of low back pain among Adama Hospital Medical College staff.
Back Pain is the most prevalent musculoskeletal condition and most common cause of disability in developed nation. It seems to be highest in the physically active years (in people aged 20-50). There are many different approaches to deal with non-specific LBP with a vast list, still the prevalence rate of LBP is increasing and leading cause of medical expenses, absenteeism & disability making back pain a national, personal and clinical problem. Core stabilization exercise is new advanced upcoming approach in which spinal stabilizers acted upon through building strength and endurance by insisting on proper Neuro-muscular control and co-ordination. Hence, core stabilization exercises are seems to be more effective in reducing pain and improving functional status by decreasing disability of patients with non-specific low back pain in comparison with conventional exercises.
The prevalence of lower back disorders and the high costs involved are an ongoing problem in industrialised countries. Research indicates an estimated 70-80% of all individuals will experience lower back pain (LBP) during the course of their lives. It is widely accepted that occupational demands and physical work contribute greatly towards onset, recovery and recurrence of symptoms. Rubber Tyred Gantry (RTG) crane drivers are particularly at risk, as their working posture forces them into various prolonged non-neutral trunk positions and extreme trunk flexion. Intrinsic factors such as trunk strength and trunk stability as well as anthropometric variables, can play different roles in incidences of lumbar pain or injury. A job such as RTG crane driving is dependant on a certain amount of strength or physical fitness. A deficit in on or more of these areas can lead to compensation, overload and eventually symptoms and injury. Research has yet to identify factors that predispose certain drivers to injury, and factors determining a quick, safe recovery and return to work.
Bone Cancer, Second Edition comprehensively investigates key discoveries in the field of bone biology over the last five years that have led to the development of entirely new areas for investigation, such as therapies which combine surgery and biological approaches. The Second Edition expands on the original overview of bone cancer development (physiology and pathophysiology), with key chapters from the first edition, and offers numerous new chapters describing the new concepts of bone cancer biology and therapy, for both primary bone tumors as well as bone metastases. Each chapter has been written by internationally recognized specialists on the bone cancer microenvironment, bone metastases, osteoclast biology in bone cancer, proteomics, bone niche, circulating tumor cells, and clinical trials.Given the global prevalence of breast and prostate cancers, knowledge of bone biology has become essential for everyone within the medical and cancer research communities. Bone Cancer continues to offer the only translational reference to cover all aspects of primary bone cancer and bone metastases - from bench to bedside: development (cellular and molecular mechanisms), genomic and proteomic analyses, clinical analyses (histopathology, imaging, pain monitoring), as well as new therapeutic approaches and clinical trials for primary bone tumors and bone metastases.Presents a comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of primary bone cancer and bone metastases in one reference workProvides a common language for cancer researchers, bone biologists, oncologists, and radiologists to discuss bone tumors and how bone cancer metastases affects each major organ systemOffers insights to research clinicians (oncologists and radiologists) into understanding the molecular basis of bone cancer, leading to more well-informed diagnoses and treatment of tumors and metastasesOffers insights to bone biologists into how clinical observations and practices can feed back into the research cycle and, therefore, can contribute to the development of more targeted genomic and proteomic assays
Two-thirds of the global disease burden will be attributable to chronic diseases associated with obesity and drive the individuals to many other chronic disease conditions which substantially increase the risk of hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, stroke, gallbladder disease and osteoarthritis, as well as cancers of the endometria, breast, prostate, and colon. The non fatal but debilitating health problems associated with obesity are respiratory problems, chronic musculoskeletal problems, skin problems and infertility. Excessive body weight has also been predictable to worsen other medical conditions like knee osteoarthritis, back pain, sleep apnea, gout and related health complications and it is now prevalent among the rural population affecting all the age groups but mostly among women. The book focus on the prevalence and assessment of obesity with contributing factors, knowledge and practice gaps of women who are at-risk of excess weight so that it can help to modify the risk of obesity/weight gain among obese by modifying their lifestyle gradually through intervention.